Gardening Basics and Know-How

Tips from the Experts for Gardening Hobbyists

Are you a first-timer to gardening? Or are you a casual gardener who wants to keep a small with beautiful blooms or healthy greens? Either way, you’ve likely encountered a pest problem or soil issue you’ve never seen before. You might be feeling a bit lost on how to resolve it.

Gardening Basics and Know-How

But don’t fret! Every gardener experiences this. Even experts and specialists on plant care have their own concerns.

To help you along, we’ve put this helpful guide together! You’ll also find answers to the most frequent questions on gardening. You’ll also find top pointers every gardener needs to know!

Here, we give you a quick list of expert gardening tips and tricks for rookies and hobbyists. You’ll learn about planting your first plant seed. You’ll find out how to give daily treatment to your plants. You’ll discover how to move your seedlings to your plant bed. You’ll also learn how to cultivate your soil and harvest your herbs.

Whatever your issues are, we’ve got your back! This useful guide has all the basic know-how for any budding gardener.

Interested in a formal course? Want to get certified as a gardening expert? Look into organizations offering classes in floristry, like:

American Institute of Floral Designers (www.aifd.org).
National Gardening Organization (www.garden.org).
American Floral Endowment (www.endowment.org).
American Horticultural Society (www.ahsgardening.org).

Preparing Your Garden Bed

Before doing anything else, all gardeners need to prep their garden beds! Other gardening techniques like building soil can get complex without a good foundation. But no worries, we’re here to help!
Natural light, healthy soil, and water are the standard needs of any garden bed. But if you want to go all out, there are a couple of steps you need to follow.

Clear away weeds, grass, and other vegetation from your desired spot.
Wet the soil until it is damp. See to it that it’s not soaking wet.
Work the soil to around 12 inches deep.
Insert compost into your bed.
Cover the bed with mulch.
Top off with more compost to preserve moisture.
Prepping your garden bed varies with the type of plants you wish to plant. But these are the basics you can adopt to ensure your bed is healthy! From here, you can get your lawn ready! You’ll soon have a garden of the freshest flowers and plant edibles!

Seed and Seed-Starting

So you’ve prepared your lawn or yard into a nourishing garden bed. Now you’re ready to start planting seeds and growing them to fully flourish! With the proper care, you can look forward to vibrant blooms and harvests of herbs and plants.

To achieve this, here are a few pointers from professional gardeners on seed starting! You’ll see the best ways to bury a seed into the soil and start them up on their growth process.

Some gardeners say it’s alright to let your seed grow wild in any way they want. But experts don’t agree.

Years of experience with looking after our own gardens tell us otherwise. We say it’s best for beginners to start their gardens in an enclosed space. It’s better for both you and your plants that you keep a close eye on them at all times. With this, you can adjust to and take care of their needs in a more effective way.

That said, here are a few simple tips for rookie gardeners planting their first batch of seeds into the soil!

Spread your seeds in the bed and avoid overcrowding at all costs.
Store your supply of seeds in a dry and cool site for longer shelf life.
Pat down the soil to make direct contact with the seeds.
Give them proper airflow and water drainage to defend against pests and plant disease.
Water them every day, and feed them well with a healthy mix of fertilizer and plant food.
Give time to let your plants get used to direct sunlight to ward off unwanted wilting.

Mulch

Both flower beds and vegetable gardens benefit a good deal from mulch. It gives your garden high levels of moisture retention and soil temperature regulation. It also helps ward off weeds better. You could never get these at top-notch quality with any artificial product or formula.

Every gardener needs to know when to use mulch and the amount of it to use. This is because mulch is one of the most essential things a garden needs to flourish!

Whether you’re using grass clippings, wood chips, pine needles, stone and rocks, or dyed mulch, here are the experts’ answers to some FAQs on mulch.

Should I avoid any type of mulch?
Avoid grass cuttings from any lawn that’s been treated with pesticides in the past three to four weeks. If you have pets, specifically dogs, don’t use cocoa hull.

Aged mulch vs. New mulch?
In general, older mulch is better. It won’t drain the soil of its much-needed nitrogen and other nutrients. This is because they’ve already started decomposing.

When should I apply mulch?
Gardening specialists say it’s best to place the mulch in your garden bed in the early summer. Otherwise, you’ll risk damaging the roots of any plants you put in after.

How deep should the mulch go?
The general rule on how deep mulch should go is a couple of inches from above ground. Experts say this is ideal for your plants. Top tip: Keep the mulch about at least a feet from your house’s foundation to avoid pest infestations.

Composting

The technique of composting has been around about as long as gardening has. It’s only fair to conclude everyone has at least a basic idea of composting or building good compost.

Regardless of what you know about it, here are a few pointers to catch you up on the basics of composting!
We recommend that you set aside a dedicated workspace for your composting. This way, you can put compost in a bin to stock for longer use.

It’s also essential to optimize your compost for your garden bed. Start by moistening each layer as you place them in your compost bin and speed up the process.

Now you want your compost to be top-notch. Compost is most ideal when it has a balanced composition of brown (dry) and green (wet) materials. If not, it can either heat up or smell bad.

So if one of these things takes place, examine the balance of green and brown in your compost. If it isn’t uniform, add a little bit more of whichever compost is less than the other. Make sure the perimeter of your workspace doesn’t block water and lets it drain out with ease.

Photo by Markus Spiske